The National Institute of Pharmaceutical Education and Research (NIPER) is the first Institute of its kind to be set up at in the State of Bihar in the year 2007. It is an autonomous institution of national importance, established under the aegis of Department of Pharmaceuticals, Ministry of Chemicals and Fertilizers, Govt. of India under NIPER Act 1998 at Hajipur in Vaishali District of Bihar. It is a centre of excellence for higher education, research and development in pharmaceutical sciences, conceived to provide leadership in pharmaceutical sciences and other related areas.

Till the academic year 2020-21, the Institute had three departments- Pharmacology and Toxicology, Biotechnology, and Pharmacy Practice, and it offered Ph.D. in all three disciplines. It offered M.S. (Pharm.) in Biotechnology and Pharmacology and Toxicology, and M.Pharm. degree in Pharmacy Practice. Two new departments, namely Pharmaceutics and Pharmaceutical Analysis, have been initiated from the academic year 2021- 22, which started offering both M.S.(Pharm.) and PhD courses in these new disciplines also.